This work has been published in the journal Aquatic Biology.
Invasive Lionfish

Lionfish are voracious predators, often feeding on the juvenile fish that share reefs and wrecks with them. Furthermore, lionfish are extremely fecund and have no natural predators in the Atlantic. This potent combination of factors has allowed them to cause great damage to Atlantic reef ecosystems from the Caribbean Islands to North Carolina. Basic research on their reproductive biology may be one of the factors that helps control their spread.


We studied the prevalence of ovotestis in western Altantic lionfish in order to advance our understanding of their reproductive biology. In addition, this work serves as one of the first characterisations of ovotestis in a reef species. We found that 15% of lionfish from North Carolina and the Bahamas displayed ovotestis. We also found that 3 of 884 individuals displayed fully mature oocytes, a rarely described occurence. The gonads of these individuals were also morphologically similar to ovaries, however the primary tissue composing the gonad was more consistent with teste histology. Figure Legend: I)late primary growth oocyte. II) Cortical alveoli oocyte. III) Vitellogenic oocyte. IV) Maturation oocyte. All scale bars are 100 μm.